Sources for “Where did all the oil come from?”

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Reference in text Source – name Source – details Source – link Retrieved on
Oldest known fossils Cyanobacteria: Fossil Record Berkeley University, sourced from TN & EL Taylor, The Biology and Evolution of Fossil Plants. Prentice Hall, 1993 http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/bacteria/cyanofr.html 12/21/2015
Temperatures at which hydrocarbons form Basic petroleum geochemistry for source rock evaluation Kevin McCarthy, Katerine Rojas, Martin Nieman, Daniel Palmowskil, Kenneth Peters, Artur Stankiewicz, published in Oilfield Review Summer 2011: 23, no 2 Copyright ©2011 Schlumberger http://www.slb.com/~/media/Files/resources/oilfield_review/ors11/sum11/basic_petroleum.pdf 12/21/2015
Natural processes have been making oil since the Meso-Proterozoic age Why so much oil in the Middle East Rasoul Sorkhabi, GeoExPro,vol1, no1, 2010 http://www.geoexpro.com/articles/2010/01/why-so-much-oil-in-the-middle-east 12/21/2015
Oldest bitumen in China – 1.4 billion years ago The oldest oil accumulation in China: Meso-proterozoic Xiamaling Formation bituminous sandstone reservoirs Liua, Zhonga, Tiand, Qie, Mua, Petroleum Exploration and Development, Volume 38, Issue 4, August 2011, Pages 503–512 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876380411600505 12/21/2015
coal formed in the carboniferous period The World Coal Association Commercial Website http://www.worldcoal.org/coal/what-is-coal/ 12/21/2015
when was the carboniferous period The Carboniferous Period University of California Museum of Paleontology – Jun 2001 http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/carboniferous/carboniferous.php 12/21/2015
three to seven feet of plant matter make one foot of bituminous coal How Coal Is Formed American coal foundation – Dec 2005 http://www.ket.org/trips/coal/agsmm/agsmmhow.html 12/21/2015
brent and WTI are light and sweet Oil Fundamentals: Crude Oil Grades and Refining Process Hypervoltility [blog] – Jul 2013 http://hypervolatility.com/macroeconomics/oil-fundamentals-crude-oil-grades-and-refining-process/ 12/21/2015
Mars Blend is medium sour Argus Mars Argus – undated http://www.argusmedia.com/Methodology-and-Reference/Key-Prices/Argus-Mars 12/21/2015
Troll Blend is medium sweet Crude Oil Search Statoil – undated http://www.statoil.com/en/ouroperations/tradingproducts/crudeoil/crudeoilassays/pages/Filter.aspx?k=medium&key=2&s=ENCrudeOil 12/21/2015
IEA peak of conventional oil Interview with Fatih Birol ABC Catalyst show, 28 April 2011 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v0ujDVRIzGM 12/21/2015
Neanderthals used bitumen Neanderthals Defy Stereotypes PBS – Sep 2013 http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/evolution/defy-stereotypes.html 12/21/2015
China – salt factory and first oil well First Oil Wells historylines – undated http://www.historylines.net/history/chinese/oil_well.html 12/21/2015
China – carburettor Natural Gas as Fuel Cultural China – undated http://kaleidoscope.cultural-china.com/en/10Kaleidoscope3188.html 12/21/2015
Marco Polo and quote Peeking at Peak Oil by Kjell Aleklett, Michael Lardelli, Olle Qvennerstedt, published by Springer, 19 May 2012 http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=pANooo5WaK8C&pg=PA33&lpg=PA33&dq=%E2%80%9CNear+the+Georgian+border+there+is+a+spring+from+which+gushes+a+stream+of+oil,+in+such+abundance+that+a+hundred+ships+may+load+there+at+once.+This+oil+is+not+good+to+eat;+but+it+is+good+for+burning+and+as+a+salve+for+men+and+camels+affected+with+itch+or+scab.+Men+come+from+a+long+distance+to+fetch+this+oil,+and+in+all+the+neighbourhood+no+other+oil+is+burnt+but+this.%E2%80%9D&source=bl&ots=HrHcKIPIoH&sig=i_pVICkW6iU7l51u4yGw4X3hcZE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=55qeU7b_KMOYO4rFgegO&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%E2%80%9CNear%20the%20Georgian%20border%20there%20is%20a%20spring%20from%20which%20gushes%20a%20stream%20of%20oil%2C%20in%20such%20abundance%20that%20a%20hundred%20ships%20may%20load%20there%20at%20once.%20This%20oil%20is%20not%20good%20to%20eat%3B%20but%20it%20is%20good%20for%20burning%20and%20as%20a%20salve%20for%20men%20and%20camels%20affected%20with%20itch%20or%20scab.%20Men%20come%20from%20a%20long%20distance%20to%20fetch%20this%20oil%2C%20and%20in%20all%20the%20neighbourhood%20no%20other%20oil%20is%20burnt%20but%20this.%E2%80%9D&f=false 12/21/2015
Baku was visited by other travellers Baku and Oil. The Early Period Window to Baku – undated http://www.window2baku.com/eng/9oil1.htm 12/21/2015
David McKain The Fascinating Story Of The People And Places Involved In The “Birth” Of The Nation’s Oil & Gas Industry By David McKain and Bernard Allen, Published by David McKain, no date given http://oilandgasmuseum.com/Pages/whereitallbegan.html 12/21/2015
Engineer Alekseyev Azerbaijan’s Oil History: A Chronology Leading up to the Soviet Era Azerbaijan international – summer 2002 http://www.azer.com/aiweb/categories/magazine/ai102_folder/102_articles/102_oil_chronology.html 12/21/2015
Branobel The Branobel History Centre for Business History, Stockholm – undated http://www.branobelhistory.com/ 12/21/2015
Abraham Gesner Abraham Gesner, 1797-1864 Canadian Petroleum Hall of Fame, undated http://www.canadianpetroleumhalloffame.ca/abraham-gesner.html 12/21/2015
Persians extracted white naphtha from coal and bitumen CHEMISTRY Cities of Light, the Rise and Fall of Islamic Spain – undated http://www.islamicspain.tv/Arts-and-Science/The-Culture-of-Al-Andalus/Chemistry.htm 12/21/2015
James Young James Young, Scottish Industrialist and philanthropist Thesis submitted to the University of Glasgow by John Butt, December 1963 http://theses.gla.ac.uk/3894/1/1963ButtPhD.pdf 12/21/2015
Ignacy Lukasiewicz Oil People: The Godfather of Oil YoungPetro – May 2013 http://youngpetro.org/2013/05/30/the-godfather-of-oil/ 12/29/2015
Samuel Kier Samuel Kier – Medicine Man & Refiner OIl150 – Feb 2007 http://www.oil150.com/essays/article?article_id=68 12/21/2015
Vaseline The Vaseline Story Vaseline – undated http://www.vaseline.co.uk/en-GB/Carouselff0b.html?Path=Consumer/AboutUs/History 12/21/2015
Bissel, Silliman How Yale Launched the Oil Economy Yale Alumni Magazine – Nov / Dec 2005 http://archives.yalealumnimagazine.com/issues/2005_11/old_yale.html 12/21/2015
Edwin Drake Edwin Drake Who made America – undated http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/theymadeamerica/whomade/drake_hi.html 12/21/2015
Oil Springs, Ontario The Village of Oil Springs Community Website http://oilsprings.ca/about/ 12/21/2015
The Battle of Baku World War II: Battle for Baku Historynet (from Military History Magazine) – Jun 2006 http://www.historynet.com/world-war-i-battle-for-baku.htm 12/21/2015
Operation countenance A grinding war against Iran Boundless – undated https://www.boundless.com/u-s-history/from-isolation-to-world-war-ii-1930-1943/the-end-of-the-war/a-grinding-war-against-iran/ 12/21/2015
Battle of Yenangyaung Rising Thunder – Battle 3 Forgottenhonor – undated http://www.forgottenhonor.com/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=108 12/21/2015
Gesner quote Abraham Pineo Gesner Wikipedia – Nov 2015 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_Pineo_Gesner 12/21/2015
First oil well in the UK, Duke of Devonshire mineral rights, the American Roughnecks of Sherwood forest Dukes Wood oil museum Dukes wood oil museum – undated http://www.dukeswoodoilmuseum.co.uk/index.htm 12/21/2015