Sources for “Oiling the wheels of industry”

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Reference in text Source – name Source – details Source – link Retrieved on
UK quarried stone Mineral extraction in Great Britain 2013 gov.uk – Feb 2015 https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/mineral-extraction-in-great-britain-2013 12/2/2015
Number of blue whales equvilent Weight of a blue whale National Geographic – undated http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/blue-whale/ 12/20/2015
Amount of neutron star equivilent Weight of a teaspoon of neutron star Cornell University – undated http://astrosun2.astro.cornell.edu/academics/courses/astro201/neutron_star.htm 12/20/2015
Number of loaded Titanic equivilents Titanic statistics Titanic-Titanic – Dec 2015 http://www.titanic-titanic.com/titanic_statistics.shtml 12/20/2015
Fraction of the weight of humanity The weight of nations London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine – Jun 2012 http://www.lshtm.ac.uk/newsevents/news/2012/tacking_population_weight_crucial_for_food_security.html 12/2/2015
US quarried stone Crush stone statistics and information US geological survey – Feb 2015 http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/stone_crushed/mcs-2015-stonc.pdf 12/2/2015
Global cement production Mineral Commodity Summaries – Cement US geological survey – Feb 2015 http://minerals.er.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/cement/mcs-2015-cemen.pdf 12/2/2015
the value of meteoric iron Mesopotamia: The Old Assyrian Period KR Veenhof, Jesper Eidem, published by Saint-Paul, 2008 http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=vYMmrenUywQC&pg=PA84&dq=the+old+assyrian+letters+amutum+silver&hl=en&sa=X&ei=VbB3UpHkOYKVhQfG1oHoDA&ved=0CEsQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=the%20old%20assyrian%20letters%20amutum%20silver&f=false 12/20/2015
Energy required to make iron and steel The energy required to produce materials: constraints on energy-intensity improvements, parameters of demand Gutowski, Sahni, Allwood, Ashby and Worrell, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 371, 20120003, Jan 2013 12/20/2015
Average homes calculation and steel torus calculation – world production of steel Crude steel production, 1980-2014 World Steel Organisation https://www.worldsteel.org/dms/internetDocumentList/statistics-archive/production-archive/steel-archive/steel-annually/steel-annually-1980-2014/document/steel%20annually%201980-2014.pdf 12/2/2015
Average homes calculation – energy used to heat UK average home Measurement of Domestic Hot Water Consumption in Dwellings Energy Saving Trust and Defra – 2008 https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/48188/3147-measure-domestic-hot-water-consump.pdf 12/2/2015
Average homes calculation – energy saved by recycling steel How much energy does it take (on average) to produce 1 kilogram of the following materials? Low-tech magazine – Dec 2014 http://www.lowtechmagazine.com/what-is-the-embodied-energy-of-materials.html 12/20/2015
A steel torus – radius of the Earth earth data from NASA NASA – undated http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/earthfact.html 12/20/2015
Density of steel Density of Steel hypertextbook – undated hypertextbook.com/facts/2004/KarenSutherland.shtml 12/20/2015
What is steel used for Market Applications in Steel American Iron and Steel Institute – 2014 http://www.steel.org/About%20AISI/Statistics/Market%20Applications%20in%20Steel.aspx 12/2/2015
9% feedstock DUKES 2015 – Chapter 3 oil (petroleum flow chart) gov.uk – Jul 2015 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/petroleum-chapter-3-digest-of-united-kingdom-energy-statistics-dukes 12/2/2015
biofuel alternatives to lubricants novvi Commercial Website http://novvi.com/uses/automotive/ 12/7/2015
Industry and transport carbon emissions Drivers, Trends and Mitigation Blanco G., R. Gerlagh, S. Suh, J. Barrett, H.C. de Coninck, C.F. Diaz Morejon, R. Mathur, N. Nakicenovic, A. Ofosu Ahenkora, J. Pan, H. Pathak, J. Rice, R. Richels, S.J. Smith, D.I. Stern, F.L. Toth, and P. Zhou, 2014: Drivers, Trends and Mitigation. In: Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Edenhofer, O., R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, E. Farahani, S. Kadner, K. Seyboth, A. Adler, I. Baum, S. Brunner, P. Eickemeier, B. Kriemann, J. Savolainen, S. Schlömer, C. von Stechow, T. Zwickel and J.C. Minx (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg3/ipcc_wg3_ar5_chapter5.pdf 11/24/2015
Industrial and water industry abstraction of water Estimated abstractions from all surface and groundwaters by purpose and Environment Agency region: 2000 to 2013 gov.uk – Apr 2015 https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/water-abstraction-estimates 12/2/2015
Cambridge research Sustainable Materials – with Both Eyes Open: Future Buildings, Vehicles, Products and Equipment – Made Efficiently and Made with Less New Material Julian Allwood, Jonathan Cullen, UIT Cambridge Nov 2011 http://www.withbotheyesopen.com/ 12/20/2015
Stevenage Company Abbeysteel film – Success Story – Abbey Steel by Renewables East Resource Efficiency East – Oct 2013 http://www.abbey-steel.co.uk/welcome/index.php/news/17-company-news/25-abbeysteel-video 12/20/2015
Ford Motor Company New Investment in Energy-Efficient Manufacturing energy.gov – Mar 2013 http://energy.gov/articles/new-investment-energy-efficient-manufacturing 12/20/2015
Hisarna ULCOS program: status & progress (Ultra Low CO2 Steelmaking) EC – Nov 2010 http://www.eesc.europa.eu/resources/docs/estep_ulcos_nov_2010.pdf 12/20/2015
US lightweight metal research – DoD US Initiative to Develop Lightweight Metals The Maritime Executive – Jan 2014 http://www.maritime-executive.com/article/US-Initiative-to-Develop-Lightweight-Metals-2014-03-01 12/20/2015
US lightweight metal research – DoE arpa.e – metals Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy – U.S. Department of Energy – undated http://arpa-e.energy.gov/?q=arpa-e-programs/metals 12/20/2015
Pulsed laser deposition Pulsed Laser Deposition Commercial Website http://www.andor.com/learning-academy/pulsed-laser-deposition-an-introduction-to-pulsed-laser-deposition 12/20/2015
Stereolithography Stereolithography Commercial Website http://manufacturing.materialise.com/stereolithography 12/20/2015
3D printing body tissue Researchers Use DNA as ‘Smart Glue’ to Provide Structure for 3D Bio-Printing 3DPrint.com – Jan 2015 http://3dprint.com/37388/dna-smart-glue/ 12/20/2015
3D print trucks Amazon Files Patent for Mobile 3D Printing Delivery Trucks 3DPrint.com – Feb 2015 http://3dprint.com/46934/amazon-3d-printing-patent/ 12/20/2015
3D print at your local library California Firefighter 3D Prints a Pool Filter Basket with Help from Local Library 3DPrint.com – Mar 2015 http://3dprint.com/54685/3d-printed-pool-filter/ 12/20/2015
Güssing The European Center of Renewable Energy Güssing European Centre for Renewable Energy (Güssing) – undated http://www.eee-info.net/cms/netautor/napro4/appl/na_professional/parse.php?mlay_id=2500&mdoc_id=1000566 12/20/2015
Number of visitors to Güssing Sustainable Tourism IV Brebbia, Pineda, WIT Press, 2010 https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=E2iQGWzudxsC&pg=PA61&lpg=PA61&dq=gussing+visitor+numbers&source=bl&ots=uklEWtWBLL&sig=GmckseJgpWLvSgLNJV5EAejZIhU&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwil67K98-rJAhUBHx4KHUVlC9QQ6AEIQDAE#v=onepage&q=gussing%20visitor%20numbers&f=false 12/20/2015
Off grid metal works The world’s most unlikely environmentalists? Economist Films [via YouTube] – Dec 2015 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mwfkEoeBnlU 12/7/2015